In The Garden

Lovely through the seasons, Deep Cut Gardens is ever changing.  Its acres of gardens and greenhouses are a living catalog of cultivated and native plant materials.  From the first buds of spring to the unexpected bursts of color in winter, Deep Cut Gardens never fails to delight visitors.  Here's a look at what's happening in the garden: 



Cranesbill, also known as Hardy Geraniums as they are members of the Geranium family, are wonderful landscape plants for mass displays.  Their low-growing, dense growth habit allows them to fill in in shady and partial sun spots.  They have low maintenance needs and come in a variety of colors.  A true keystone of the Monmouth County Garden!  This big patch of Cranesbill is on the path through the Rockery below the beautiful Sargent Major Hemlocks.

Red Weeping Redbud

Red Weeping Redbud

While there are many flowers to see at Deep Cut, there are also many interesting trees!  This little champion is growing right outside the Horticulture Center.  It is a red variety, weeping redbud tree.  They are not very common and this one is truly a beauty!  Redbuds in general are excellent for small yards.  The variety excels in compact spaces and is a go-to tree for small space gardens.

Rose Garden

Rose Garden

Deep Cut is known for its beautiful rose garden.  With up to 72 species on site, there is a rose for everyone!  This display features roses that sprawl or vine, shrub or tree, and everything in between.  Some are fragrant, some colorful and they are all beautiful!  Visit throughout that summer as the roses love hot weather and they will continue to shine.  (posted 6/13/2019) 



Clematis is a fabulous vine for archways and garden gates.  This dark purple, large flowered variety is in full bloom in the entrance to the All-America Garden.  If you look closely, you may even find one of Deep Cut fairies hanging around.  Fairy Ruthie loves this plant!  Make sure to pick up a Fairy and Gnome Scavenger Hunt in the mailbox at the gate of this garden.   (posted 6/12/2019)

The All-America Garden is in full bloom! 

All-America Garden

Black Swallowtail

This garden is part of the All-America Selections program which tests new, never-before-sold varieties for the home gardener. After a full season of anonymous trialing by volunteer horticulture professionals like Deep Cut Gardens, only the top garden performers are given the AAS Winner award designation for their superior performance.  The All American Garden is a top location for butterfly enthusiasts.  Butterflies like this Black Swallowtail (NJ State Butterfly) as constant visitors. (posted 6/12/2019)

Climbing to Heaven

Jacob's Ladder
Jacob's Ladder

Jack in the Pulpits

The plant Jacob’s Ladder gets its name from the biblical story Jacob’s Ladder.  The small bell-like flowers hang below each stem while the leaves all point upward.  These are an example of the hidden plants that you can find at Deep Cut.  These, as well as Jack in the Pulpits and other less showy plants can be found in nooks and corners throughout the garden. (posted 5/14/2019)

Dogwoods Are In Bloom


This elegant blooming tree is a beautiful sight!  Some are native while others are from around the world.  These beautiful flowers don’t last long so head in to Deep Cut soon to see these delicate, trees before it is too late.

Bring your camera too!  The Deep Cut Gradens’ photography contest “spring” deadline is May 30th. Find out more about this competition. (posed 5/14/2019)


The Rock Walls are Alive….            

rock wall               

… with flowers!  Deep Cut is known for its extensive rockwork.  The walls, many of which have planters on top, are in bloom.  Plants like this Sedum are creating quite a show!  Sedum ground covers make excellent rock wall and garden plants as they are very hardy, are reliable perennials and bloom on and off throughout the season. (posted 5/14/2019)

What's in Bloom 

Deep Cut in early May

This photo was taken on May 8 at Deep Cut Gardens.  Pictured (clockwise from top): the last of the Tulips, Rhododendron (shrub with purple flowers), Andromeda (pink shrub), Azalea (red flowers) and Ajuga (purple flower in the wall). (posted 5/9/2019)


The Red Buckeye is in Bloom!

Red Buckeye

This tree has lush green leaves and large sprays of small red flowers.  The flowers, shown here are mostly open.  Their long tubular shape is perfect for hummingbirds. (posted 5/8/2019)


Shade Flowers!


Shooting Star
Shooting Star

The Primrose bed in front of the Greenhouse is in full bloom!  These beautiful plants are one of the only types that bloom this heavily in full shade.  And – the bed has a guest.  Shooting Star (Dodecatheon meadia), a native North American wildflower has sprung up within the mass of Primroses.  (posted 4/30/2019)

I Spot a Spotted Violet

Spotted Violet

Spotted Violets

All along the top of the wall around the greenhouse, an interesting variety of our common meadow violet variety “freckles” is blooming.  It has spots!  The wall is coming to life with sedum, ajuga and other beauties along with these delicate violets. (posted 4/29/2019)


Bulbs Are Still Blooming at Deep Cut


There are still lots of spring bulbs making a show at Deep Cut Gardens.  There are many daffodils in bloom including these ‘double daffs’.   Look for these between the Cottage and the Horticulture Center. (posted 4/26/2019)


Some are a little ragged from the wind we’ve had but they are still beautiful. (posted 4/24/2019)



Flying Dragon in the Garden?

Flying Dragon

Actually… yes!  Flying Dragon (Poncrirus trifoliate), also called Hardy Orange, is a citrus relative that is a sight to behold.  It is a twisted thorny plants that grows to about 15’ tall.  Ours is just leafing out and it is in bloom!  The fragrant flowers are typical ‘citrus’ blooms and, if pollenated, will produce small lemony-flavored fruit.  Look for it in the Japanese Miniature Garden between the greenhouse and the cottage. (posted 4/23/2019)

   What is Blooming Now?

When I saw the Witch-hazel in bloom, I remembered that I wrote a note about this plant last year.  Interestingly, when we found that post, I noticed the time difference.  Last year this tree was blooming in mid-January and this year, late February.  I’d love to say that I know what this is but I don’t!  Then I looked for the Heleboris also noted in the original article and those too are just in bud now.  It seems our winter bloomers are running late this year.  The information about these two great plants is appropriate now and I hope you enjoy learning about two of my favorite plants.

The witch-hazels are small trees or shrubs.  They lose their leaves in the winter but they bloom instead.  When it comes to flowers, there are big showy flowers and less showy flowers.  Then there are witch-hazel flowers.  The yellow petals are long, narrow and yellow and grow out of a dark red center.  They hang down from the branches creating a very wispy, delicate look.  The name witch-hazel is misleading as it has nothing to do with witches.  It derives from the word “wiche”, an old English word for bendable and/or plant.  As for uses, these are the branches that were used for diving rods in England.  The leaves and bark of the North American variety are the source of the astringent we commonly call witch nazel.

witch hazel

Now if showy flowers are more your style, heleboris are your winter go to plant.  These fantastic plants are evergreen, deer resistant and have wonderful speckled leaves for year-round interest.  Then, in the winter, they produce many flowers in low clusters among the leaves.  Varieties range from pale pink to burgundy.  These are a staple for shade gardens in this area. 


(originally posted 1/19/2018)

Uh Oh – Are Those My Bulbs Up Already?


Don’t worry it you see that your bulbs have popped.  Even though we can have snow into April, bulbs are well-adapted to cold weather.  The tips of the new leaves will likely turn yellow or even die back  but the plant will recover.  While it may seem logical to mulch over these bulbs to help keep them warm, you don’t want to cover the new leaves.  The plant is awake (no longer dormant) if it is able to produce leaves and that means it is hungry.  Those new green leaves are rapidly making food and sending it into the bulb so that it can be ready to flower in early spring.  Covering it now would be more harmful than if the leaves became frost damaged.  If it looks like we will get consecutive nights in the in the mid to upper twenty degree range, you can cover the bed with a sheet and remove it during the daytime.  This will just prevent ice from forming directly on the plants.  Remember – spring bulbs have evolved to be active at this transition time and they are well-adapted to the irregular temperatures. (posted 2/21/2019)

Where the Plants Are Still Green…..

This column is titled “In the Garden” but right now we are all “in the house.”  Luckily, there are green things to love inside with us!  Most indoor plants have slowed down for the winter but they are not dormant.  Winter is the perfect time to do a little bonding with your indoor plants. 

When you have a time, visit with your indoor plants.  Really look at them.  How are their leaves and stems?  If there are dead or damaged leaves, cut them off.  A good clean-up will drastically improve the look of your plants as well as take away food for fungi and other pests.

Speaking of pests, are there mealybugs present?  They will look like little cotton fuzzies and will be a little sticky. These insects are very common winter pests and, if you have them, you need to treat the plant right away.  Mealybugs are contagious and rapidly move to other plants.   You can treat your plant with an insecticidal soap which dry out the insect.  You will need to do this a few times in order to kill newly hatched individuals.  While insecticidal soaps are very mild but you should always read the label before applying.

A cluster of mealybugs on the stem of a houseplant.


If you are still fertilizing your indoor plants, cut back to quarter strength with every other watering.  Plants that are somewhat sleepy in the winter can get salt damage on their roots if over fertilized.  Even those plants that are wide awake will benefit from a little less fertilizer during this season. (Posted 1/25/2019)

An Indoor Plant to Try:  Begonia

If you want to buy a plant to replenish your collection of indoor plants, try a begonia.  There are many varieties to choose from and they do well indoors.  They bloom in winter making them a treat during these cold months.  Begonias have an interesting trait to check out.  Most plants throughout the world are both male and female as each of their flowers have both male and female parts.  Individual begonias are also male and female, but instead of having a single flower with both parts, they produce two different flowers on the same plant. If you look closely, some flowers will have a single, large sturdy part, in the center of the petals (female flowers) while others will have a clump of small, delicate structures instead (male flowers). 

This photo shows two male flowers above a single female one:

Male and female flowers
Male and female flowers on a single begonia plant.


The begonias in Deep Cut’s greenhouse are in bloom as are many of the other tropical plants. (Posted 1/25/2019)

Not Just for Pretty’s Sake!

Bunch and fountain grasses are one of the most beautiful centerpiece plants to have in the garden.  All summer they provide wispy texture and straight lines that enhance the overall aesthetic of your landscape design.  Then winter rolls around and what once looked like this:


Cortaderia selloan PAMPAS GRASS


Now looks like this:

Yucky Winter Grass

While the appearance of the winter grass might be a an issue for us, it is an even bigger issue for the grass.  If we cut off the top of the plant to ‘clean it up’, the base of the plant is exposed and may freeze in the winter.  The other option, to leave it alone, also has problems as the sagging leaves and stalks create a sort of tent and underneath this may remain damp for extended periods, promoting rot.  Often, the long sagging leaves cover nearby perennials causing them to suffer as well. 

What to do?  Lift the plant up!  In my yard I create “ponytails” with my grasses and tie a ribbon around them for a little holiday spirit.  You could also just tie them up with string.  Doing this provides insulation to the base of the plant while allowing air to flow beneath the plant, preventing rot.  A win all around!

Pretty Grass

(posted 11/28/2018)

 A Wish List Makes Wishes Come True!

Do you know that yard in your neighborhood that even has interesting plants in the winter?  If you are like me, you drive by and think “I wish my yard had even a few of those interesting plants!”  The trouble we all have, however, is that nurseries aren’t open now as it is the wrong time to plant.  Therefore, when you are thinking about plants for your winter garden, none are actually available to purchase.  Then the winter ends and we are on to our spring and summer plantings…. until the next December when we repeat this cycle.

Here is a strategy that you can start now – create a Winter Plant Wish List!  I know this sounds silly but it will help you shop during the summer for your winter landscape.  All you need to do this winter is get out your phone and take a photo of a plant you like when you see it.  In the spring you will bring the phone/photos to Deep Cut or a garden center to find out what the plants are and about their care needs.  The plants will usually have spring and summer purposes with the added bonus of winter interest!

This morning I was walking into Deep Cut and noticed that one of my “Rock Star” plants is a great example of how this strategy works.  A few years ago I saw a beautiful evergreen, leafy ground cover peeking through the snow in February.  It had purple leaves and a pretty shape.  I took its picture and was able to identify it as Ajuga.  Ajuga is on my Rock Star Plants list because 1) it thrives in full shade, 2) it is a ground cover that blooms well in the spring, 3) deer don’t usually eat it and 4) it is an evergreen.  Win-Win-Win-Win!  Once spring arrived that year, I purchased some Ajuga and now I have a lovely patch in my yard.

   Ajuga in winter
Ajuga in winter


Ajuga in spring
Ajuga in spring

Give creating a Winter Plant Wish List a try and next year your yard will be the one prompting wishes!  And, as always, the staff and volunteers at Deep Cut are here to help if you need it! (posted 11/15/2018)

 Can Fog Hurt My Plants?

mildew on leaves

wet leaves

Actually – yes. During this season when the night air cools but the ground is still warm, it is common to have dense fog in the mornings. You might think that this gives plants a respite from sun and a nice drink, and while true, extended foggy spells spell trouble in Zone 5. Plants breath out through their leaves which draws water up from the roots. They do this by opening pores on the leaves and letting gasses and water evaporate out. However, when the air is too moist, such as when it is foggy, the process stalls with the lack of evaporation. Most plants can tolerate this for a morning, particularly if the fog burns off and the sun comes out. This pattern can go on for a while without harming the plant. Extended foggy mornings with humid, overcast days may be a problem though. And, while the pores on the leaves are open as the plant tries to breath, fungi are on the prowl. They can enter the plant through the pores and cause rot.
Bottom line? If we have fog for 4 or 5 days and the sun doesn’t come out for a few hours each day, check your plants for rot. This may show itself as soft, squishy leaves, ‘powder’ (fungal spores) that is white or black on the leaf top or bottom, or as a black, soft ring at the base of stems. If you find this, you can prune off the effected parts. Most plants are going dormant now so this may not hurt the plant permanently. However, if you see anything ‘powdery’ – white or black – on the leaves you may want to treat with a fungicide. (posted 10/10/2018)

Who’s Looking at Me?  A Silver-spotted Skipper Caterpillar!

Silver-spotted Skipper Caterpillar

Silver-spotted Skippers are a true ugly duckling story.  Like all butterflies, they start their lives as a caterpillar.  Their caterpillars aren’t quite as pretty as some others though.  Actually, they can even be a little scary!  These interesting insects are members of the skipper family.  This means that they generally have short wings that they hold folded back when landed.  Silver-spotted skippers are brown with a white ‘blob’ on the underside of their bottom wing. Then there are their caterpillars.  These ferocious, but harmless caterpillars are short and plump with a large brown head.  The head has big yellow eye spots above their actual eyes.  They use these to startle predators into thinking that they are dangerous.  The caterpillar spends its day rolled in the leaf of a legume such as a locust tree and points its eyespots out the opening.  Anything that comes by will think twice about investigating! (posted 9/28/2018)

There’s Nothing Common about the Common Toad Lily!

Common Toad Lily

Common Toad Lily

What a great surprise to step out of the back door of the display greenhouse and see a blooming common toad lily.  This beautiful, shade-loving plant has amazing, exotic looking flowers that bloom at the end of summer when many plants are going dormant.  The plant itself is also lovely and has a nice arching shape that adds a nice touch to the garden.  They need little maintenance but they do like moist, well drained soils.  That shady corner of the house near the downspout would be ideal for this beauty!  In nature they are understory woodland plants, so morning sun to mostly shade is preferable.  (posted 9/27/2018)

Divide and Share!

In honor of this weekend’s Great Spring Plant Swap, here is information about dividing your perennials.  Enjoy!

When to Divide:  Now is a great time to divide most perennials.  They are awake and starting to grow but they aren’t in full leaf.  This helps ensure that they are awake enough to heal the cut from the division while not having so many leaves that they wilt before rooting.  If you are not sure if your plant prefers dividing at a different time of year, give a call to Deep Cut to speak with a horticulturist or come by the library in the Horticulture Center.

Where to Dig:  Insert you shovel at the outer edge of the leaves called the ‘drip line’ – not at the base of stem.  You need to get a chunk of roots in order to give the plant a chance to reestablish before it wilts.  Dig straight down a little before angling beneath the plant and prying it up.  Dig on all sides of the plant rather than trying to pull it out after digging only one side.   If you are only trying to reduce the plant’s size, cut off a portion of the plant and leave the remaining portion with its roots attached.  If you are removing or relocating the plant, remove the entire plant, divide it and then replant where desired. 


How to Divide the Plant:  You can use a couple of methods to divide the plant.  For each plant, start with the least severe method first:  Your hands.  Try to pry apart they plant.  Examples of plants that divide well by hand are bleeding hearts, coral bells, cranesbill, hellebores, pulmonaria and yarrow.  If the plant is firmly attached and requires cutting, place a spade on the crown where you would like to separate the plant and quickly and firmly chop down, severing the rhizomes that are connecting the plant underground.  Plants that can be divided in this manner include black-eyed susan, catmint, coneflower, daylilies, grasses, hostas and ferns.  If the plant is too woody to separate easily with one cut of the spade, don’t hack at the roots.  Rather, use a fine-toothed saw to divide the roots.  Plants that do well using this method include astilbes, caladium, meadowsweet, rhubarb and irises.

Caring for the Divided Plant:  The plant needs a period of time to heal any wounds on the roots prior to planting in soil in order to avoid infection.  However, during this healing time, the top of the plant still needs water.  Trim some of the plant’s top back as this helps prevent wilting.  Regardless, place the plant between sheets of wet newspaper to keep it damp and cool or place the roots into a bucket of water and place in the shade.  When replanting, cover the plant with a white sheet or landscape screen and water heavily.  Remove the shade screen when the top of the plant perks up indicating that the roots are taking up water.

Are there Plants the I Shouldn’t Divide?  Yes.  Just a few examples are alyssum, candytuft, euphorbia, foxglove, geranium, lavender, Russian sage and rosemary. 

This is just a brief note about dividing.  If you are new to this practice, always do a little research first.  At Deep Cut, we are here to help too!  Now, divide some of those large perennials and come to the Great Spring Plant Swap on Saturday, April 21.  Details about the swap as well as instructions can be found our Deep Cut Garden webpage (posted 4/16/2018)

Are Bulbs Coming Up Too Early?


You have probably noticed that many of your bulbs have sprouted.  I have even seen a few daffodils in bloom!  This time of year is always tricky as March, and even early April, can still see snow and cold temperatures.  The leaves of most bulbs are adapted to this season and should be fine.  If we get a significant cold snap, the leaf tips may turn yellow or even brown but the plant will recover.  If you can see the tops of the bulb itself poking above the soil, you could mulch the bed to provide some insulation but don’t cover the new leaves entirely.  Some early bulbs, such as Snow Drops, are in full bloom and won’t be effected by the weather.  Crocuses are next up and they should be fine as well.  If your typical spring bulbs, such as tulips and daffodils, produce buds and temps are below freezing, the buds may appear to wilt.  Leave them on the plant.  They may come back or they may not.  If they don’t, the plant will likely produce another.  If it looks like we will get an extended cold snap and your bulbs have buds, you can cover them at night.  However, the beauty of early spring bulb is that they have evolved to thrive in this variable, inconsistent transition season.  (posted 3/15/2018)


The Sun is Out – I Wish I Could Garden!

Tulips at Deep Cut Gardens
As we wait for this year's tulips, here's a look back at some spectacular ones.  

There is something you can do now that will improve the success of your spring bulbs and can sooth your inner gardener at the same time. If you are storing bulbs for planting in the spring, now is a good time to check up on them. As they sit the winter away in your basement or garage, there is a chance they could be developing issues that you could stop before you suffer a greater loss. Most bulbs are healthy enough to last through the winter unscathed. However, one unhealthy bulb that can’t fight off fungus can spread disease to your entire batch. Nothing is worse than opening the bag or box of stored bulbs in the spring only to find a furry fungus mess! Here are a few suggestions for a winter check up:

  • Unpack your bulbs and take a good look at them.
  • Throw away any that are rotten or moldy.
  • Replace packing material that is damp or moldy.
  • If you have a few bad bulbs and it looks like the fungus may be spreading, treat the remaining bulbs with a fungicidal dust which can be purchased at any garden center. Follow the product’s directions.
  • Repack the bulbs, ensuring good airflow and keep the bulbs from touching, if possible.
  • Keep the bulbs between 40°F and 50°F.

Completing this task significantly raises your success rate for overwintering bulbs. Now you can go back to dreaming about spring! (posted 1/15/2018)


What is Blooming Now? 

I bet you didn’t expect to see this topic in January!  There are some plants that will start blooming now, or will start soon.  I always feel that winter flowers are a gift. 

The witch-hazels are small trees or shrubs.  They lose their leaves in the winter but they bloom instead.  When it comes to flowers, there are big showy flowers and less showy flowers.  Then there are witch-hazel flowers.  The yellow petals are long, narrow and yellow and grow out of a dark red center.  They hang down from the branches creating a very wispy, delicate look.  The name witch-hazel is misleading as it has nothing to do with witches.  It derives from the word “wiche”, an old English word for bendable and/or plant.  As for uses, these are the branches that were used for diving rods in England.  The leaves and bark of the North American variety are the source of the astringent we commonly call witch nazel.

witch hazel

Now if showy flowers are more your style, heleboris are your winter go to plant.  These fantastic plants are evergreen, deer resistant and have wonderful speckled leaves for year-round interest.  Then, in the winter, they produce many flowers in low clusters among the leaves.  Varieties range from pale pink to burgundy.  These are a staple for shade gardens in this area. 


(posted 1/19/2018)

See What's Blooming in the Greenhouse

While the outside gardens at Deep Cut are covered with snow, the greenhouse is warm and blooming. Stop by for a little reminder of warm weather and beautiful flowers! Here are a few things to see that are blooming now:

Bromeliads – These plants, which normally grow attached to trees in the tropics, have colorful leaves and unusual flowers.  

Bromeliad Flower    Blue Bromeliad Flower

Orchids – These lovely plants have flowers with such strange coloring and shapes! The variety is amazing.

 Orchid  Purple Orchid 

Hibiscus – The big blooms of hibiscus range in colors from deep red to sunset-like oranges and yellows.

Orange Hibiscus Red Hibiscus

Begonias – While most plants have flowers that have both male and female parts, begonia flowers are either male OR female. These delicate flowers are held high on branched stalks and, while small, are very pretty.

begonia flower

Kalanchoe – These hardy plants are very sturdy and yet get the most delicate, beautiful, tiny blooms!


If photography is a passion of yours, check out Flower Marco Photography coming up on January 27. It is a full-day class in the greenhouse where you will learn to capture the images of these beautiful flowers and more. Register online or call 732-842-4000 ext. 1 or register online. Space is limited.

Aerial Roots

While in Deep Cut Gardens this past weekend, a visitor asked about the roots that grow out of the pots on some of the plants in the greenhouse.  The roots in the below photos are a type of aerial root that develops when a climbing plant needs stabilization.  There are other types of aerial roots that develop for other purposes.  Vines and epiphytes (plants that grow on trees such as orchids) can become top heavy and fall over if they don’t grow aerial roots for anchorage.  There are even trees such as banyan trees, which grow in soggy soil, that grow aerial roots for stabilization.  Aerial roots are not actually root tissue but are rather a stem adaptation.  Because of this, they can sprout true roots and stems which can be separated into a new plant. 

Many people whose houseplants begin producing aerial roots wonder if these roots should be removed.  Even thought they might become quite long and/or dense, the answer to “trim or not to trim?” is usually not to trim.  If you prune aerial roots, they may branch.  Therefore, if you must cut these roots, do so in the fall when the plant’s growth is slowing.  If you prune aerial roots in the spring or summer you may find yourself with many more roots than you started with!  If your plant is growing aerial roots onto the wall, bookcase or other unwanted place, consider putting in something for the plant to climb on like a stake or other structure designed for this purpose.  I like the look of aerial roots as, to me, they mean that the plant is growing normally and is happy. 

These roots on the below philodendron may look like they are strangling the plant but they are not.  The plant is actually anchoring to itself.  This may work for a while but as the plant becomes taller, it will need something else to provide support.

 philodendron anchoring upon itself

Aerial roots are common on orchids such as the one below.  Healthy roots should be left alone as pruning them can have a negative impact on the plant.  Dead, dry roots may be trimmed.  The roots in the below photo are healthy, firm and green.  Dead roots from the left side of the pot have been removed. 

Aerial roots on orchid
aerial roots on orchid

(posted 9/28/2017)

Fast Little Flyers – Skippers!

 Zabulon Skipper
zabulon skipper

Hobomok Skipper
hobomok skipper

Silver-spotted Skipper
silver-spotted skipper

This time of year brings a plethora of tiny, fast-flying butterflies called skippers. For budding photographers, they are one of the easiest of the butterflies to photograph as they are not easily spooked and they sit still while eating. Skippers make up an entire family of butterfly called the Hesperiidae and can be identified by a few key characteristics. Skippers get their name due to their rapid flight as they go from flower to flower. They are able to fly this way because they have powerful wing muscles, making their bodies look bulky and large compared to their wings. Their wings are short and blunt, while typical butterflies have large wings compared to their bodies. Skippers usually rest with their wings folded back or closed tightly above their backs while other butterflies usually rest with their wings laying out to the sides. Skippers have large eyes and are thought to have good vision and their antennae have a bulb at the tip that ends in a point (visible in top photo). Lastly, skippers are usually drab colors, mostly brown or golden. The three skippers here are common in this area: zabulon skipper (top photo), hobomok skipper (middle photo) and the silver-spotted skipper (bottom photo). Grab your camera or cell phone and take a photo of one of these fellows – you’ll probably get a great shot! (posted 9/13/2017)


Good Guys That Look Bad!

Goldenrod Crab Spider Jagged Assassin Bug 
(l to r) goldenrod crab spider & jagged assassin bug

Chinese mantis 
Chinese mantis

Most gardeners know that there are good bugs and bad bugs for the garden.  When we think of "good bugs" we usually think  of pollinators like bees and butterflies.  There are, however, also predators that help keep the plant-eating insect population under control.  Three of these are featured here.  All are sit-and-wait predators that use their front legs to grab passing insects.  They each have a special appearance that allows them to go unseen until it is too late!  The jagged assassin bug (Phymata sp.) is very tiny and looks a piece of a leaf stuck on a flower – until it reaches out with its raptor-like arms and catches its dinner.  The goldenrod crab spider (Misumena vatia)  is one of a very few insects that can actually change color to match the flower it is sitting on, remaining almost invisible to other insects.  Lastly, even though the Chinese mantis (Tenodera sinensis), accidently introduced to the US in 1896, is the largest mantis in North America, it can be easily missed as is sits very still and looks like a piece of a plant.  If you think of plant-munching insects as "stealing" your garden treasure, these three insects champions are the law enforcers that will catch the thieves in the act! (posted 9/7/2017)

Every garden needs a garden spider.

Yellow Garden Spider

Seeing a yellow garden spider (Argiope aurantia) might give you quite a start but it is good thing to have one of these garden dwellers in residence as they eat a considerable number of insects each day.  Aside from their striking coloration, yellow garden spiders can be identified by their unusual web, which is built in open areas and has a large zig zag of concentrated webbing in the center.  This webwork prompted their other common names - zipper spiders and scribblers.  It's thought the creating this easily noticed structure in center of the web helps birds and larger animals see the web and avoid it.  Yellow garden spiders are fairly docile and rarely bite – even if you walk into the web!  If bitten, the reaction is similar to a bee sting.  It's vital to all web-making spiders that the web be as intact as possible.  The spider judges the location of prey based on the vibrations of the web.  Females also identify a possible mate if he “sounds” right by plucking the web in a particular rhythm as he approaches.  If the web becomes damaged, the spider eats it and then spins a new one.  If you don’t consider these large spiders a welcome addition to your garden, remember that the most famous spider of all, Charlotte, was a scribbler spider.  Maybe your spider will leave you messages if you let them stay!  (posted 8/31/2017)

Goldflame Honeysuckle

Goldflame Honeysuckle

While we watch the sky for fireworks this month, it’s the goldflame honeysuckle that brings a profusion of bright color and summer sweetness to the garden. A tall centerpiece in our herb garden, the goldflame is a deciduous twining vine with hot pink tubular flowers that open to reveal a yellow center. This cross between native (or trumpet) honeysuckle and American honeysuckle is a non-invasive variety (although growth can be rampant). Fragrant, easy to grow, adaptable to most soils, and tolerant of difficult growing sites, goldflame blooms spring through fall. It prefers full sun to part shade in Zones 5 though 9. It also attracts butterflies and hummingbirds! (posted 7/11/2017)

Double Delight

Double Delight roses  

In June, the roses in our parterre are at their most glorious! And while it’s difficult to choose a favorite among them, we’re highlighting a rose that instantly grabs our attention. Growing along the border of our All-America selection garden, the double delight is a hybrid tea rose that features a profusion of vivid red and white. In bloom from late spring to early summer, the double delight grows to about four feet high and three feet wide. Hybridized by H.C. Swim for the wholesale rose grower Weeks Roses, double delight received All-America Rose Selections (AARS) honors in 1977 and remains popular today for its disease resistance and six inch wide blooms. It prefers medium moisture in slightly acidic soil with full sun. Appropriate for Zones 5 through 9. (posted 6/20/2017)

Sweet Box

Sweet Box

Native region: Western Himalayas and China

This is the time of year when visitors come into the Horticultural Center inquiring about the source of the delightful fragrance along one of our paths. It isn’t the drifts of snowdrops, nor the nodding hellebore blossoms nor witch hazel flowers above. It is the tiny flowers of Sweet Box growing in the woodland garden below. Though the flowers may be concealed by the lustrous, evergreen foliage, the scent can travel for several feet.

This member of the boxwood family is best grown in woodland conditions: organically rich, acidic, moist, well-drained soil in part to full shade. Winter hardy in zones 6-8, it reaches only 1-2’ in height, spreads very slowly by stolons to 2-4”, and has no serious pest or disease problems.

Less commonly seen in garden centers, but worth looking for, its handsome foliage and low-growing habit makes for an excellent evergreen ground cover, low hedge or border, and is especially welcome near walkways and home entrances.  (posted 3/7/2016) 

Orchid Season in the Greenhouse


Mid-February to mid-March is peak bloom season for the tropical orchids in our Display Greenhouse, which is open to the public whenever the park is open. Did you know that the orchid family is one of the largest, oldest and most diverse, with species adapted to almost every habitat on all but one continent?

In addition to the orchids, you will find both common and unusual tropicals, bromeliads, cacti and succulents, and the portion of our bonsai collection that is not winter hardy. Don’t overlook the large staghorn ferns hanging overhead!



Helleborus niger   
Native region: Southern & Central Europe and Southwestern Asia

The so-called “Christmas Rose” began blooming early this year, normally coming into bloom February into March. Now covered by a blanket of snow, the nodding flowers held just slightly above the basal growth of glossy evergreen leaves were a welcome sight, and will be again when the snow melts. H. niger is a little more difficult to grow than its cousin, H. orientalis, or Lenten rose, which is native to parts of Greece, Turkey and Russia. Blooming just a little later, the deep rose colored flower buds of the latter are just beginning to appear in our garden.

Both grow well in organically rich, well-drained soils in part to full shade, with some protection from cold winter winds. Flowers range from creamy white through pink to deep mauve, some with interior spots. When winter’s ravages render the leaves tattered and brown, they can be removed to the ground to show the flowers to their best advantage.

Best in naturalized areas or situated where they can be enjoyed even on winter’s coldest days, Deep Cut’s planting of hellebores is in the Winter Garden, along the path on the south side of the Horticultural Center.

Hellebores are deer resistant and very tolerant of dry shade, lean soil and air pollution, and have no serious insect or disease problems, but one word of caution: The leaves, roots and stems are poisonous to humans.



Native region: Tropical & Subtropical Regions
Just one of many colorful and interesting flowering and foliage plants to be enjoyed in the display greenhouse through the winter months, amaryllis have become very popular around the holiday season due to their ease of care and the wide selection of colors and forms now available.
With a little care, you can replenish the bulb to bloom again next year. After the blooms have faded, trim the flower stalk to 1-2" above the bulb, leaving the strappy foliage intact. Maintain as a houseplant in a sunny window, watering sparingly and fertilizing about once a month. It can be placed outdoors in summer in partial to full sun. For flowers next winter, induce dormancy in September by withholding water and placing in a cool location (50-55°F). Remove dead leaves. After 8-10 weeks, "wake up" your plant by moving it to a well-lit location about 70°F and keep the soil moist, but not wet. In a few years you may find your bulb has multiplied, producing "baby" bulbs you can pot separately or give away.

Hardy Cyclamen

Cyclamen sp. 
Native region: Mediterranean

When other plants are going to sleep for the winter, our fall-blooming hardy cyclamen are just waking up. The small but elegant – and sometimes fragrant – flowers are a delight in the fall garden, with their recurved, twisting petals rising above intricately-patterned foliage that will last through winter until spring. This specimen is in the Japanese-inspired garden.

These plants flower during the cool, wet seasons, with the corms lying dormant during the hot, dry summers of their native range. There are over 20 species of cyclamen, the most familiar of which, c. persicum, or “florist’s cyclamen”, is not winter hardy in our region. Many of the rest, blooming either in spring or fall depending on species, are winter hardy in our region. They cross readily, resulting in an amazing variety of rounded to heart-shaped leaves, often with a patterned silver overlay on top and purple on the underside.

Perfect for shady areas of a rockery, border or woodland, they combine well with other shade plants and thrive in dry shade. Place them where you will observe and enjoy their diminutive beauty up close – near walkways, entry, or outdoor seating area. (posted 11/20/2015)

The Monarchs Have Arrived!

monarch caterpillar

Goodness knows where they’ve been hiding, but we’ve just found six caterpillars in Deep Cut’s Waystation and Rockery. All are now being raised in the protected environment of the vivarium inside the Horticultural Center. One has attached to the top screen, preparing to form its chrysalis, where it will spend the next 10-14 days before finally emerging as a butterfly. Several others look close to the same stage.

It is a perilous life. From egg to adulthood, monarch caterpillars face a number of natural enemies. Hornets, wasps, spiders, ants, and mites may eat the eggs and caterpillars, while tiny tachinid flies and braconid wasps parasitize the caterpillars by laying their eggs on them. A few species of birds, not affected by the glycoside toxins the monarch caterpillars ingest from the milkweed, feed on caterpillars and adults. (posted 8/12/2015)

 Bonsai Donation

Deep Cut Gardens has received a generous donation of 40 bonsai plants, doubling the collection and adding some very fine examples of the art. Stop by to see the winter hardy specimens on their display/cold-frame and the tropical specimens inside the Display Greenhouse. Mark your calendars for Bonsai Day on Sunday, September 13, 2016, 12 noon until 4:00 p.m., when the Deep Cut Bonsai Club will present demonstrations and displays, sharing their expertise and answering your questions. (posted 7/20/2015)

Monarch Waystation

Monarch Waystation

The buffet is open! Deep Cut’s Monarch Waystation and the surrounding gardens provide milkweeds, nectar sources and shelter throughout the season to sustain the monarch butterflies in their breeding and migration. Many other insects are enjoying the spread, but no monarchs, monarch eggs, or monarch caterpillars have been seen yet. This spring, as suggested by professor of entomology Doug Tallamy, we cut back the stems of about half the milkweed plants to approximately 12” to ensure a crop of tender young leaves for the caterpillars.  (Posted 6/29/2015)


Eastern Redbud ‘Ruby Falls’

Eastern Redbud ‘Ruby Falls’
Cercis Canadensis ‘Ruby Falls’
Native region: Eastern United States

Planted just last autumn at Deep Cut Gardens, this is just one of many outstanding cultivars of our native redbud tree. With its weeping habit, early spring flowers, and velvety red-purple leaves, it makes an excellent specimen plant for the home landscape. This highly adaptable small tree will tolerate heat and cold, a range of soil acidity, black walnut, clay soil, and full sun to light shade. About the only condition it cannot abide is a consistently wet soil. Although deer resistant, it provides food for other wildlife. All things considered, an excellent alternative to exotic species. (Posted 6/29/2015)


Ornamental Onion/Allium

Native region: Dry, mountainous areas of northern hemisphere

Allium is a genus of about 700 species, which includes chives, garlic, onion and shallots. Many of the ornamental varieties originated in Central Asia and have been cultivated for their ornamental, rather than culinary, qualities. Depending on variety, they range in height from 8 inches to 4 feet, and are available in a wide range of colors. Cold-hardy to USDA Zone 4, these undemanding plants will thrive in any well-drained soil in full sun and are relatively resistant to deer, voles, chipmunks and rabbits. Some have flower heads that dry well for crafts and arrangements.

Plant bulbs in the fall for blooms the following season, and many years thereafter. Plant in groups in groups in a bed or border for best display. (Posted 5/18/2015)

Fairy Ring

Fairy Ring

This fairy ring, planted in October 2013, is beginning to bloom in the field by the picnic benches behind the production greenhouse.

(posted 4/6/15)

Witch Hazel

witch hazel
Hamamelis x intermdeia ‘Arnold Promise’

Native region: Central & Eastern U.S., Mexico, Asia

The witch hazels at Deep Cut are finally in bloom! Depending on species and cultivar, these are among the first and last to lend color to our landscape with their crinkly, strap-like petals in shades from pale to golden yellow, orange, russet and red. The flowers, often fragrant, can last up to a month, even through temperatures in the low 20s. ‘Arnold Promise’ is beside the Horticultural Center, and there are several varieties blooming in the “cut” or ravine south of the display greenhouse. Melting snow has revealed snowdrops and heath already in bloom, as well as flower buds of hellebore (Lenten rose) and daffodils, promising more spring color soon.

Ranging from shrubs to small multi-stemmed trees up to 30’ in height, hamamelis is adaptable to many uses in the home landscape. The Asian varieties bloom January-March, while our native Hamamelis virginiana blooms October-December. All provide nice fall foliage color.

(posted 3/20/15)

Coral Bark Maple

Acer palmatum ‘Sango-kaku’  
Native region: Japan

Winter reveals elements overlooked or absent in warmer months. The scarlet limbs of a coral bark maple, the convoluted bole of the dawn redwoods, and the exfoliating bark of the river birches. With deciduous trees bare, the forms, textures and hues of evergreens take on new significance…until spring foliage and flowers return and they once again play a supporting role in the gardens.

(posted 1/21/15)

Koi in Winter

As the gardens’ plants go into dormancy for the winter, so, too, do the beautiful koi in the lily pond. Being cold-blooded, they cannot produce their own heat and their body functions slow drastically, so they are not fed during this time. Except for mild spells during the winter, they will remain at the bottom of the pond where the water temperature is warmest. As spring returns and the water temperature rises to about 50 degrees, they will once again become active near the surface. In the meantime, to ensure that fresh oxygen can enter the water and carbon dioxide can exit, we will be sure that ice does not completely cover the surface. With good living conditions, these hardy and adaptable members of carp family may live 50-70 years.

Posted 11/26/2014

Camellia ‘Winter’s Star’

Camellia Oleifera ‘Winter’s Star’
Native region: China

Our camellia is blooming exceptionally early this year. Usually blooming late November into December, this large shrub delights visitors on the front walk with fragrant lavender-pink blossoms for up to six weeks. The glossy dark evergreen foliage is handsome year round.

There are over 200 species in the genus camellia, which is native to eastern and southeastern Asia. All are evergreen, and, being somewhat tender, they are generally winter hardy in USDA Zones 6b-10. Depending on species, bloom time ranges from late summer to spring.

A related plant, C. sinensis is the source of tea leaves. The seeds of C. oliefera and C. sinensis are pressed to produce tea oil, a sweet oil used for cooking and seasoning. This must not be confused with tea tree oil, a camphoraceous oil with antiseptic and antifungal properties, which is taken from melaleuca alternifolia, native to eastern Australia.

Camellias prefer a moist but well-drained, slightly acidic soil (pH of 5.5-6.5) rich in organic matter. They tolerate sun, but will do best situated in dappled shade, sheltered from winds, and given a mulch of 2-3” of leaf mould. As long as their cultural needs are met, they are fairly trouble-free and equally well-suited for the mixed shrub border, woodland garden or as a specimen.

Posted 10/17/2014